1Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Malek-Ashtar University of Technology
2Department of Applied Chemistry, Malek-Ashtar University of Technology, Isfahan
3Department of Applied Chemistry, Malek-Ashtar University of Technology
The kinetics of hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) was studied in 1M NaOH at various temperatures (298 to 358 K) on Ni-P-C (composite electrodes. The electrochemical efficiency of the electrodes has been evaluated on the basis of electrochemical data obtained from the steady-state polarization Tafel curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV) in 1M NaOH solution at 298, 323, 348 and 358 K. The HER rate constants were estimated using Tafel-impedance data assuming the Volmer Heyrovský path at various temperatures. The k2 values were smaller than those obtained for hydrogen adsorption rate constants (k1) at all temperatures. The average values of k2, which characterize the apparent activity of the electrodes for the HER on the Ni-P-C cathodes, are increased by factors of 4.0, 3.7 and 3.5 from temperatures of 298 to 323 K, 323 to 348 K and 348 to 358 K, respectively. Microstructure and composition of the investigated electrodes were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The kinetic parameters showed that the temperature plays an important role on increase of the activities of Ni-P-C composite cathodes toward the HER.
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