Electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose on the modified carbon paste electrode with sodalite nanozeolite for fuel cell

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Research Laboratory of Analytical & Organic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Babol University of Technology, Babol, Iran,

2 Research Laboratory of Analytical & Organic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Babol University of Technology, Shariati Av., Babol, Iran. Postal Code: 47148-71167.

Abstract

In this study, a sodalite nanozeolite was synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM). Following the morphology evolution of the sodalite nanozeolite in the SEM images illustrates the formation of the spherical particle with a size between 60 and 80 nm. Then, carbon paste electrode (CPE) was modified by sodalite nanozeolite and Ni2+ ions. The electrocatalytic performance of the fabricated electrode (Ni-SOD/CPE) towards glucose oxidation were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry and Chronoamperometry and it was used as anode for the electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose in 0.1 M of NaOH solution. Also, the electron transfer coefficient, the diffusion coefficient and the mean value of catalytic rate constant for glucose and redox sites of electrode were found to be 0.86, 3.13×10−5 cm2 s−1 and 5.34×106 cm3 mol−1 s−1, respectively. Good catalytic activity, high sensitivity, good choice and the stability and easy preparation enables the modified electrodes for the glucose electrooxidation. The obtained data confirmed that sodalite nanozeolite at the surface of CPE improves the catalytic efficiency of the dispersed nickel ions toward glucose oxidation. The Alkaline direct glucose fuel cells operated at ambient temperature with Ni-SOD/CPE anode created maximum power density of 4.1 mW cm-2 and cathode feed 4 mL min-1 of 0.1 M glucose and oxygen at 1 bar.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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