Application of Pd-Substituted Ni-Al Layered Double Hydroxides for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Malek-Ashtar University of Technology

2 Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Malek-Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran 15875-1774, IRAN

Abstract

Clean production of hydrogen from electrochemical water splitting has been known as a green method of fuel production. In this work, electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) was investigated at new prepared layered double hydroxides (LDH) in acidic solution. NiAl/carbon black (CB) LDH was monitored using x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The substitution of nickel ions with palladium ones was recorded using Energy dispersive X–ray spectroscopy (EDX) .Moreover, the NiAl-LDH/CB and palladium substituted LDH were examined for the HER at different times of substitution. The modified NiAl-LDH/CB/Pd/GCE represented low overpotential of -0.55 V vs Ag/AgCl, Tafel slope of 125 mV/dec, charge transfer coefficient of 0.47, exchange current of 2.56 µA, as well as excellent long-term stability. Moreover, the substitution effect of palladium ions on the modification of prepared LDH GCE was satisfactorily studied for the HER in 0.5 mol L-1 H2SO4 using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Zhang G, Lin B, Qiu Y, He L, Chen Y, Gao B. Highly efficient visible-light-driven photocatalytic hydrogen generation by immobilizing CdSe nanocrystals on ZnCr-layered double hydroxide nanosheets. Int J Hydrogen Energ 2015;40:4758-65.

[2] Youn DH, Park YB, Kim JY, Magesh G, Jang YJ, Lee JS. One-pot synthesis of NiFe layered double hydroxide/reduced graphene oxide composite as an efficient electrocatalyst for electrochemical and photoelectrochemical water oxidation. J Power Sources 2015;294:437-43.

[3]  Xu D, Rui Y, Li Y, Zhang Q, Wang H. Zn-Co layered double hydroxide modified hematite photoanode forenhanced photoelectrochemical water splitting. Appl Surf Sci 2015 [Article in Press].

[4] Shao M, Ning F, Wei M, Evans DG, Duan X. Hierarchical Nanowire Arrays Based on ZnO Core−Layered Double Hydroxide Shell for Largely Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting. Adv Funct Mater 2014;24:580–6.

[5] Bockris JOM, Potter EC. The Mechanism of the Cathodic Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. J Electrochem Soc 1952;99:169–86.

[6] Merki D, Hu X. Recent developments of molybdenum and tungsten sulfides as hydrogen evolution catalysts. Energy Environ Sci 2011;4:3878-88.

[7] Zhang L, Xiong K, Nie Y, Wang X, Liao J, Wei Z. Sputtering nickel-molybdenum nanorods as an excellent hydrogen evolution reaction catalyst. J Power Sources 2015;297:413-8.

[8] Akyüz D, Dinçer H, Özkaya AR, Koca A. Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction with metallophthalocyanines modified with click electrochemistry. Int J Hydrogen Energ 2015;40:12973-84.

[9] Hasannia S, Yadollahi B. Zn–Al LDH nanostructures pillared by Fe substituted Keggin type polyoxometalate: Synthesis, characterization and catalytic effect in green oxidation of alcohols. Polyhedron 2015;99:260–5.

[10] Morales-Mendoza G, Tzompantzi F, García-Mendoza C, López R, De la Luz V, Lee SW, Kim TH, Torres-Martínez LM, Gómez R. Mn-doped Zn/Al layered double hydroxides as photocatalysts for the 4-chlorophenol photodegradation. Appl Clay Sci 2015;118:38–47.

[11] Laipan M, Zhu R, Chen Q, Zhu J, Xi Y, Ayoko GA, He H. From spent Mg/Al layered double hydroxide to porous carbonmaterials. J Hazard Mat 2015;300:572–80.

[12] Wang S, Li Z, Lu C. Polyethyleneimine as a novel desorbent for anionic organic dyes on layered double hydroxide surface. J Colloid Interf Sci 2015;458:315–22.

[13] Seftel EM, Niarchos M, Mitropoulos C, Mertens M, Vansant EF, Cool P. Photocatalytic removal of phenol and methylene-blue in aqueousmedia using TiO2@LDH clay nanocomposites. Catal Today 2015;252:120–7.

[14] Kim NH, Mishra AK, Kim DY, Lee JH. Synthesis of sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone)/layered double hydroxide nanocomposite membranes for fuel cell applications. Chem Engin J 2015;272:119–27.

[15] Yadollahi M, Namazi H, Aghazadeh M. Antibacterial carboxymethyl cellulose/Ag nanocomposite hydrogelscross-linked with layered double hydroxides. Int J Biol Macromol 2015;79:269–77.

[16] Paikaray S, Hendry MJ. Formation and crystallization of Mg2 +–Fe3 +–SO42 −–CO32 −-type anionic clays. Appl Clay Sci 2014;88-89:111-22.

[17] Tan X, Fang M, Ren X, Mei H, Shao D, Wang X. Effect of Silicate on the Formation and Stability of Ni–Al LDH at the γ-Al2O3 Surface. Environ Sci Technol 2014;48:13138–45.

[18] Li S, Wang H, Li W, Wu X, Tang W, Chen Y. Effect of Cu substitution on promoted benzene oxidation over porous CuCo-based catalysts derived from layered double hydroxide with resistance of water vapor. Appl Catal B Environ 2015;166–167:260–9.

[19] Goto T, Fu Z, Zhang L. Preparation of Layered Double Hydroxide and its Graphene Composite Films as Electrodes for Photoelectrochemical Cells. Key Eng Mat 2015;616:129-33.

[20] Li Y, Zhang L, Xiang X, Yan D, Li F. Engineering of ZnCo-layered double hydroxide nanowalls toward high-efficiency electrochemical water oxidation. J Mater Chem A 2014;2:13250-8.

[21] Donnet JB, Bansal RC, Wang MJ. Carbon Black: Science and Technology. 2th ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, INC; 1993.

[22] Tao Q, Reddy BJ, He H, Frost RL, Yuan P, Zhu J. Synthesis and infrared spectroscopic characterization of selected layered double hydroxides containing divalent Ni and Co. Mater Chem Phys 2008;112:869-875.

[23] Abdolmohammad-Zadeh H, Kohansal S. Determination of Mesalamine by Spectrofluorometry in Human Serum after Solid‑Phase Extraction with Ni‑Al Layered Double Hydroxide as a Nanosorbent. J Braz Chem Soc 2012;23:473-81.

[24] Moon J-S, Jang J-H, Kim E-G, Chung Y-H, Yoo SJ, Lee Y-K. The nature of active sites of Ni2P electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction. J Catal 2015;326:92-9.

[25]  Abbaspour A, Mirahmadi E. Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction on carbon paste electrode modified with Ni ferrite nanoparticles. Fuel 2013;104:575–82.

[26] Dai X, Li Z, Du K, Sun H, Yang Y, Zhang X, Ma X, Wang J. Facile Synthesis of In–Situ Nitrogenated Graphene Decorated by Few–Layer MoS2 for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. Electrochim Acta 2015;171:72-80.